Origin of the Surname
The McLoughlin surname is of Irish origin, with its roots entrenched in the early medieval history of Ireland. It is derived from the Gaelic name “Mac Lochlainn,” signifying the clan or descendants of Lochlainn.
Etymology and Meaning
The name “Mac Lochlainn” translates to “son of Lochlainn.” The term “Lochlainn” itself is an old Gaelic personal name that originally meant “Viking” or “from the land of the lochs,” referring to Norway or Scotland.
Earliest Known Usage
The earliest known usage of the McLoughlin surname can be traced back to the 10th century, with the Mac Lochlainn family being a leading branch of the Northern Ui Neill, a group of families who claimed descent from Niall of the Nine Hostages, a legendary 5th-century High King of Ireland.
The McLoughlin surname is widely spread throughout Ireland, but it is most prevalent in the counties of Donegal and Clare, and also in Connacht province.
Original Geographic Location
The original geographic location of the McLoughlin family is tied to the northern parts of Ireland, specifically in the region of Tirconnell, a medieval territory in County Donegal.
Many McLoughlins, like other Irish families, migrated during the Great Irish Famine in the mid-19th century. They moved to North America, Australia, and the UK, spreading the surname globally.
Notable Historical Events
The McLoughlins were a powerful family in medieval Ireland. They were rulers of the Cenel Eoghain, part of the Northern Ui Neill, until the 13th century. The death of the last MacLochlainn king in 1241 led to a decline in their power.
Involvement in Key Moments in History
Despite losing their royal status, the McLoughlins remained prominent, particularly in County Donegal, where they were influential landlords and political figures.
Notable Bearers of the Surname
Famous bearers of the McLoughlin surname include Dr. John McLoughlin, known as the “Father of Oregon” for his role in the early settlement of the Oregon Country.
In the entertainment industry, Sean William McLoughlin, better known by his online pseudonym Jacksepticeye, is an influential Irish YouTuber known for his comedic Let’s Play series.
Variations of the Surname
Spelling variations of the surname McLoughlin include MacLoughlin, McLaughlin, MacLaughlin, and others. These variations often arose due to the phonetic transcription from Gaelic to English.
In different parts of Ireland, the name might be found as “Mac Lochlainn,” “Ó Máille,” or “Mac Giolla Eoin.” In the United States, it’s commonly seen as “McLoughlin” or “McLaughlin.”
Current Statistics and Distribution
Frequency and Global Distribution
Today, the McLoughlin surname is most common in Ireland, followed by England, the United States, Australia, and Canada.
Changes Over Time
The distribution of the McLoughlin surname has expanded significantly over time due to historical migration patterns. While it remains most common in Ireland, its prevalence in other countries has grown due to emigration.
Family Coat of Arms
The McLoughlin family coat of arms is a silver shield with a black lion rampant, armed and langued red.
- Edward MacLysaght (1985). The Surnames of Ireland. Dublin: Irish Academic Press.
- Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates, Peter McClure (2016). The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press.